The month of Shravan is the fifth month of the Hindu calender beginning from Chaitra, and is the most auspicious month of the Chaturmas. On Purnima or fullmoon day, or during the course of the month the star ‘Shravan’ rules the sky, hence the month is called Shravan. This month is spread out with innumerably religious festivals and ceremonies and almost all the days of this month are auspicious.
Shravan is considered the holiest month of the year. Each monday of this month, known as Shravana Somvar, is a special day in Shiva temples where the dharanatra hangs over the linga or the idol to bathe it with holy water, day and night. Devotees pile the linga high with Bel leaves and flowers and fast till sunset. The nandadeep (24 hour lamp) burns steadily in the temples.
The legend says that when the churning of oceans – Samudra Manthan – took place in the month of Shravan, fourteen different types of rubies came out. Thirteen of these were distributed amongst the demons, except Halahal (poison). Lord Shiva drank the Halahal and stored it in his throat. Hence the name Neelkantha (meaning blue throat) is attributed to Shiva. Read more about Lord Shiva
To reduce the strong effect of poison, Lord Shiva wore the crescent moon on his head. All the Gods, thereafter started offering the Ganges water to Lord Shiva to make lessen the effect of poison.
Since, this happened in the month of Shravana, since then the Shiva devotees offer the Ganges water in this month.
• It is considered highly auspicious to wear a rudraksha in Shravan month. As, Mondays or Somvars of Shravan month are specially observed with austerity. All Mondays are devoted to the worship of Shiva as this day is sacred to Lord Shiva. No other Mondays of other months are so greatly honoured.
• The belief is that in Shravan month, offering milk to Lord Shiva earns a lot of punya.
Things to do during Shravan month
• Wear Rudraksh, and also use a Rudraksh mala for Japa.
• Offer Lord Shiva Bhibhuti and place some on your forehead.
• Make offerings of Bel leaves, Panchamrut (milk, yoghurt, clarified butter, honey and jaggery) on Shiva Ling.
• Recite Shiv Chalisa and Aarti.
• Chant Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra.
• Fasting on Mondays. Girls who fast on all Mondays of Shravan get a good husband.
Shravan Somvara Vrat (Monday fasting on Shravan month)
One of the name of Lord shiva is soma – saha uma. For the Lord someshvara Who wears the soma, the moon crescent on the matted hair, on the somavara day (Monday), this festival is observed.
Though all Mondays can be observed as vrat there are special mondays when it is much more emphasised to observe like the shravan Somvar and karthikai sOmavAr. According to skandha purANa, on the Mondays of the month kArthikai (mid Nov to mid Dec) this vrata is observed.
Way of observing
After taking bath pray to the Auspicious and Graceful Lord Shiva. Anointing the Lord with panchAmRitam and other pleasant substances, hail the Lord offering bilva leaves. During the day don’t take any solid food. U can take Milk/ buttermilk/ fruit juice/ fruits . After 6’o clock in the evening pray to Lord Shiva and break ur fast and eat normal solid food (avoid onions and garlic) . Your fasting should start from 12 in the midnight and ends at in the evening on monday. It is believed that one who fasts on all Monday of Shravan has all prayers from the heart answered. It is not necessary to undergo rigid practices. Even for this fast, different people may have different practises….e.g. some people may not have buttermilk or some may have specific mantras to be chanted. You can follow whatever gives you a peace of mind.
Each day in the month of Shravan has a special significance and has its own ritual.
– Monday: is the day of Lord Shiva worship.
– Tuesday: Gauri is worshipped in every home, by women for the good health of their family.
– Wednesday: are dedicated to Vithala, a form of Vishnu or Krishna.
– Thursday: are also days for worshipping Buddh and Guru.
– Friday: every home worships Lakshmi and Tulsi.
– Saturday: are for Saturn (Shani). It is also known as Shravan Saturdays, with the object of object of obtaining wealth. These days are known as Sampat Sanivara (wealth Saturdays).
– Sundays: are meant worshipping the Sun god. Sun worship was general in the Vedic period and even now it is so. Especially in Shravan, every Sunday the Sun is worshipped without fail.
2016 Shravan Dates
Shravan Mahina, or Sawan Month, is one of the holiest Hindu months and is dedicated to Lord Shiva in North India. Shravan Month 2016 is from July 20 to August 18. Shravan Month is the fifth month in a traditional Hindu lunar calendar followed in North India. This calendar is followed mainly in Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Haryana, Bihar and Chhattisgarh and other North Indian states. A month in these regions is calculated from the day after Purnima or full moon to the next Purnima. The year in the Hindi Calendar is Saka 2073.
The Mondays or Somwar in Shravan month is dedicated to worship of Shiva. People make it a point to visit Shiva temples on Sawan Mondays – The Mondays in the month are on July 25, August 1, August 8 and August 15.
Mangala Gouri Puja is observed on Tuesdays in Shravan Month.
Chaturthi Vrat or Sankashti Ganesh Chaturti in Shravan Month 2016 is on July 23. The Chandrodaya or Moonrise time as per North Indian calendars is 9:09 PM.
Shravan Month 2016 Krishna and Shukla Paksha
- Shravan Month Krishna Paksha (waning phase of moon) is from July 20 to August 2
Shravan Month Shukla Paksha (waxing phase of moon) is from August 3 to August 18
Shravan Mahina Ekadasi Vrat in North India
- Kamika Ekadasi – July 30, 2016
- Pavitra Ekadasi – August 14, 2016
Shravan Mahina Pradosh Vrat in North India
- Pradosh – July 31
- Pradosh – August 15 – Som Pradosh as it is on Monday
Shravan Amavasi in Hindi Panchang in North India
- Amavasya is on August 2, 2016.
- The Amavasi begins at on August 1, 2016 and ends at on August 2, 2016.
- Purnima is on August 18, 2016. The Purnima Vrat is marked on August .
- The Purnima begins at on August 17 and ends at on August 18
Festivals and auspicious days in Shravan Mahina 2016
- Hariyali Amavasya – August 2
- Shravan Shivratri – August 2
- Hariyali Teej – August 5
- Nag Panchami – August 7
- Kalki Jayanti – August 8
- Tulsi Das Jayanti – August 10
- Raksha Bandan – August 18
- Shravan Month is also the first month in the Chatur Maas – four holy months.