Republic Day in India is an annual celebration on January 26, this is one of the 3 national holidays in India.
INDIA: Republic Day celebrations is celebrated across the Indian diaspora as scenes of India’s president hosting the national flag at India Gate, which is followed by the much-awaited Republic Day parade.
India’s first law minister, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, drafted the framework of what we know as the Indian constitution.
The difference between India’s Independence Day and Republic Day
August 15 is celebrated as Independence Day when India celebrates freedom from British rule on in 1947, following the historical Indian independence movement.
In simpler words – August 15 is marked as India’s Independence Day celebrating its freedom from British Rule and January 26 marks the Republic Day celebrating of coming into force of its constitution.
Significance of the Constitution of India
The Constitution of India is the longest written constitution by any sovereign country in the world. After the adoption of the Constitution, the Union of India became the contemporary Republic of India replacing the Government of India Act, 1935. According to the Constitution of India, “It declares India a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic, assuring its citizens of justice, equality, and liberty, and endeavours to promote fraternity among them.” As the people adopt the Constitution of India, it can never be upturned by parliamentary supremacy.
Who is Dr. B.R. Ambedkar?
Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as Baba Saheb, was the man behind drafting the Constitution of India. He was India’s first law minister of an independent country and the guiding force behind the Constitution of India.
The ‘framework of defining fundamental political principles, establishes the structure, procedures, powers and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles and the duties of citizens.’
The Drafting Committee, along with Dr. B.R. Ambedkar as its chairman, met and discussed the draft over a period of 2 years, 11 months and 18 days before adopting the Constitution. It was with 308 members signing two hand-written copies (Hindi and English) on January 24, 1950 and bringing into effect to the nation on January 26 in 1950 marking India’s first Republic Day.