Republic Day in India is an annual celebration on January 26, this is one of the 3 national holidays in India.
A day as significant as this is celebrated with countrymen watching the National Flag hoisted by the President of India at the India Gate followed by the Delhi Republic Day parade.
The importance of Republic Day in the Indian history is because, on January 26, 1950, India’s first Republic Day, the Constitution of India came into effect, making India became a Sovereign-Democratic nation. This is the reason why Republic Day is celebrated on January 26 every year in India. India adopted the Constitution, written by BR Ambedkar on January 26, 1950 and ever since then the day is commemorated as Republic Day. The Constitution of India is of high significance and remains the supreme law of India.
August 15 is celebrated as the Independence Day when India got freedom from British rule on August, 15, 1947, following the historical Indian independence movement.
India needed an independent constitution to protect the rights of citizens and principles of running a nation. India’s first law minister and chief architect of Indian Constitution BR Ambedkar drafted the framework of it. The Constitution of India governs the country. In simpler words – August 15 is marked as India’s Independence Day celebrating its freedom from British Rule, January 26 marks the Republic Day celebrating of coming into force of its constitution.
Why Is Republic Day Celebrated on 26th January In India?
India adopted the Constitution of India on January 26, 1950, giving the day a special place in the history of India. When India got freedom from British rule on August 15, 1947, through peaceful non-violence and civil disobedience movements, it needed an iron-clad document to run a country. January 26, 1950, was the golden day when India became a democratic governing nation.
On November 26, 1949, the Constitution of India was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly, and it came into force on January 26, 1950. The reason why January 26 was chosen as the Republic Day was because, on this day in the year 1930, Indian National Congress (INC) proclaimed the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) rejecting the Dominion status offered by the British Regime.
Significance of the Constitution of India
Constitution of India is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world. Dr BR Ambedkar was the principle architect behind drafting the framework of Indian Constitution. After the adoption of the Constitution, the Union of India became the contemporary Republic of India replacing the Government of India Act, 1935. According to the Constitution of India, “It declares India a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic, assuring its citizens of justice, equality, and liberty, and endeavours to promote fraternity among them.” As the people adopt the Constitution of India, it can never be upturned by parliamentary supremacy.
Who drafted the Indian Constitution?
Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as Baba Saheb was the man behind drafting the Constitution of India and the reason why we celebrate the Republic Day. He was India’s first law minister of an independent country. He was the guiding force behind the Constitution of India which laid down the ‘framework of defining fundamental political principles, establishes the structure, procedures, powers and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles and the duties of citizens.’ The Drafting Committee with Dr. BR Ambedkar as its chairman met and discussed over a period of 2 years, 11 months and 18 days before adopting the Constitution with 308 members signing two hand-written copies (Hindi and English) on January 24, 1950 and bringing into effect to the nation on January 26, 1950 – India’s first Republic Day.