Shab-e-Barat is a vessel for mercy, blessing, benefit, pardon and forgiveness that descends upon the people of the Earth.
Mid-Sha’ban 2020 will begin in the evening of Wednesday, 8 April and ends in the evening of Thursday, 9 April. This special event of Shab-e-Barat in the Islamic calendar is regarded as a night when the fortunes of humanity – for the coming year – are decided and when Allah may forgive sinners of the world. The acts of worship in Islam on a night like Shab-e-Barat like Salah and recitation of the Qur’an is performed by a person in isolation,. The Nafl Salah should not be performed in Jama’ah, nor should Muslims arrange gatherings in mosques in order to celebrate the night in a collective manner.
On the contrary, this special night of Islam is meant for worshipping Allah in solitude. It is the time to enjoy the direct contact with the divine, and to devote one’s attention to Him and Him alone.
On this great night, Allah Ta’ala descends to the first heaven and proclaims,
- Is there anyone who seeks forgiveness so that I may forgive him?
- Is there anyone who seeks sustenance so that I may grant him sustenance?
- Is there anyone who seeks freedom from his problems so that I may remove his problems?”
This announcement continues until the break of dawn.
In India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Iran, this time is referred to as the night of absolution, deliverance and salvation in Islam. In many countries, the meaning of Shab-e-Barat, also spelled Shab-e-Baraat, is ‘Night of Innocence’.
People will celebrate by praying to Allah throughout the night, and some will commemorate their deceased ancestors during nightlong prayer. Some will fast during the day and worship throughout the night, while some may spend just half the night in prayer. Sweets will be distributed, and Muslim people will ask Allah for blessings and rewards, so they can live a peaceful and prosperous life.
The date is also commemorated by Twelve Shia Muslims as the birthday of Muhammad-al-Madhdi, who is believed to be an ultimate saviour of mankind.
Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has said,
“On the night of the middle of Shabaan, Allah Ta’ala descends to the heaven of this lower world and forgives every Muslim, except a mushrik (one who associates partners with Allah Ta’ala), the bearer of malice, the breaker of family ties, the adulterer, the miser, the one who is disobedient to his parents and the one who consumes alcohol. He (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has also stated that during this night Allah Ta’ala opens 300 doors of Mercy unto his servants and that the slaves of Allah Ta’ala are emancipated from the fire of hell, as numerous as the hairs on the flocks of the tribe of Bani Kalb.”
Explained: What is ‘Big Night’ in the holy book of Islam?
Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Qur’an,
“Therein all matters of wisdom are sorted out for Decree.” [Surah 44, Verse 4]. This Aayat refers to Shab-e-Barat and it is stated in Tafseer Noorul Irfan that on this great night, the entire year’s programme of sustenance, death, life, honour and disgrace, in short every affair of man is listed from the Divine Tablet and handed over to the angels of each area on the earth in the form of a book.”
This is the dua (prayer) as given below which you can recite as much as possible according to the Sunnah, teachings of the prophet Rasool (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).
Transliteration: (Allahumma) A’oozu bi Afwika Min Iqaabika Wa A’oozu Biradaaka Min Sakhatika Wa A’oozu Bika Minka Jalla Wajhuka Laa Uhsi Sanaa’an Alayka Anta Kama Asnaita Ala Nafsik.
On this great night you may offer your prayers to the divine Hereunder are some other Ibaadaat (acts of worship) that may be performed during this night:
- After Asr Salaah, a namaaz time, the following should be recited 70 times:
Astagh Firullaha Rabbi Min Kulli Zam Bin Wa A’tubu Elaih
- Just before sunset the following should be recited 40 times:
Laa Hawla Wala Quwata Illa Billa Hil Aleeyil Azeem
Islam’s big night, Shab-e-Barat is regarded as precious hours of the night in which nobody should intervene between one and divination, and one should turn to Allah with total concentration. Quite similarly like how the Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, observed the acts of worship in this night in total seclusion, not accompanied by anyone, not even by his favorite life companion Sayyidah ‘Aishah, Radi-Allahu anha, and that is why all forms of the optional worship (Nafl Ibadah), are advised by him to be done in individual, not in collective manner.
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