The New Year in India and surrounding countries is deemed to start on the 12th, 13th and/or 14 April, 2021. The day coincides with spring harvests and the earthy beginning its annual cycle around the sun, according to the ancient Vikram Samvat calendar system. Puthandu and Vaisakhi are some of the best known names, although the day is celebrated across south Asia, south-east Asia and the diaspora.
According to the SAHMS, Hindi New Year is on Monday, 12 April.
The first day of the year on the Tamil calendar falls on 14 April 2021. Puthandu (Tamil: புத்தாண்டு), also known as Puthuvarusham or Tamil New Year, is the name for this day and it falls in the month of Chittirai. Puthandu is also celebrated by Tamil Hindus outside Tamil Nadu and Puducherry, such as in Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, Reunion, Mauritius and other countries with Tamil diaspora.
Vaisakhi (Sanskrit: वैशाखी) or Baisakhi is on 13 April, 2021. New Year falls on this day in North and Central India. Goddess Ganga (Ganges) came down to earth on this day and people celebrate by bathing in rivers, holding melas, certain pujas and beautifying their homes. Notably, Gujarati New Year is different and follows after Diwali.
Importance in Sikhism
Baisakhi is a major Sikh festival marking the birth of Sikh order started after the persecution and execution of Guru Tegh Bahadur for refusing to convert to Islam by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. This made Guru Gobind Singh the tenth Guru of Sikhism and the formation of the Khalsa, recognised on this day
Various names in various regions
- Puthandu in Tamil Nadu
- Vaisakhi in North, Central India. Baisakhi in Punjab.
- Vishu in Kerala
- Pohela Sankranti in Odisha
- Pohela Boishakh in West Bengal and Tripura, as well as Bangladesh
- Rongali Bihu in Assam
- Bikram Samwat / Vaishak Ek in Nepal
- Aluth Avuruthu in Sri Lanka (Sinhalese New Year festival)
- Chol Chnam Thmey in Cambodia
- Songkan / Pi Mai Lao in Laos
- Songkran in Thailand
- Thingyan in Myanmar
- Tittel: Sikh i Amritsar
- Opphavar: Fotograf Altaf Qadri
- Rettshaver: Leverandør AP, Leverandør NTB scanpix
- Kjelde: http://www.scanpix.no