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Low-quality carbs will lead to heart attacks

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Poor quality carbohydrates diet linked to heart attacks ANI | Updated: Feb 28, 2021 22:15 IST A global study focused on people living in five continents found that a diet high in poor quality carbohydrates leads to a higher risk of heart attacks, strokes, and death. The findings of the study were published in the New England Journal of Medicine. The higher risks of a diet high in poor quality carbohydrates, called a high glycemic diet, were similar to whether people had previous cardiovascular disease or not. A total of 137,851 people aged 35 to 70 years old were followed for a median of 9.5 years through the Population Urban and Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study run by the Population Health Research Institute (PHRI) of McMaster University and Hamilton Health Sciences. The research team used food questionnaires to measure the long-term …

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Plant-protein diet lowers risk of dementia in postmenopausal women

Postmenopausal women who ate high levels of plant protein had lower risks of premature death, cardiovascular disease, and dementia-related death compared with women who ate fewer plant proteins, according to new research. The research was published today in the Journal of the American Heart Association, an open-access journal of the American Heart Association. Previous research has shown an association between diets high in red meat and cardiovascular disease risk, yet the data is sparse and inconclusive about specific types of proteins, the study authors say. In this study, researchers analyzed data from more than 100,000 postmenopausal women (ages 50 to 79) who participated in the national Women’s Health Initiative study between 1993 and 1998; they were followed through February 2017. At the time they enrolled in the study, participants completed questionnaires about their diet detailing how often they ate eggs, …

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Diabetes patients who use health apps improve health, lower medical costs

Health apps have become a popular tool among teens and adults to track fitness, weight loss, sleep, and even menstrual cycles. But did you know mobile health applications could also benefit diabetes patients? A new study has found out that the use of health apps by diabetes patients could improve health outcomes and lower medical costs. The findings of the study will be published in the journal ‘MIS Quarterly’, a publication of the Management Information Systems Research Center. Emerging smart mobile health or mHealth technologies are changing the way patients track information related to diagnosed conditions. This study examined the health and economic impacts of mHealth technologies on the outcomes of diabetes patients in Asia. The study concluded that compared to patients who did not use mHealth applications, patients who used the apps had better health outcomes and were able …

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Why you lose muscle mass during Menopause

Laboratoires Servier, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Estrogen deficiency alters the microRNA signalling in skeletal muscle, which may activate signalling cascades leading to loss of muscle mass, suggest the findings of a study conducted in collaboration between the universities of Minnesota (USA) and Jyvaskyla (Finland). Menopause is associated with several physiological changes, including loss of skeletal muscle mass. However, the mechanisms underlying muscle wasting are not clear. The new study revealed that estrogen deficiency alters the microRNA signalling in skeletal muscle. Menopause leads to an estrogen deficiency that is associated with decreases in skeletal muscle mass and strength. This is likely due to changes in both muscle function and the size of muscle cells commonly referred to as fibers. “The mechanistic role of estrogen in the loss of muscle mass had not been established. In our study, we focused on signaling cascades in skeletal muscle that eventually …

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