TRENDING STORIES

Mental Health

One in three kids with food allergies are bullied

Cocaine use by child

A new study has determined the size and scope of bullying kids with food allergies experience by offering them a multi-question assessment. The findings of the study were published in the ‘Journal of Pediatric Psychology’. Living with a food allergy can greatly impact a child’s everyday life — from limiting participation in social activities to being treated differently by peers. When asked a simple “yes” or “no” question about food allergy-related bullying, 17 per cent of kids said they’d been bullied, teased or harassed about their food allergy. But when asked to reply to a multi-item list of victimisation behaviours, that number jumped to 31 per cent.Furthermore, Children’s National Hospital researchers found that only 12 per cent of parents reported being aware of it. The reported bullying ranged from verbal teasing or criticism to more overt acts such as an …

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People are more forgiving when their loved ones misbehave

loved ones

When people behave badly or unethically, their loved ones may judge them less harshly than they would judge a stranger who committed the same transgressions, but that leniency may come at the cost of the judger’s own sense of self-worth, according to a new study. The findings of the study were published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. “How do we react when our romantic partners, friends or family members behave unethically? Past research tells us a lot about how we respond to a stranger’s unethical behaviour, but very little about how we respond when the perpetrator is someone we care deeply about,” said lead author Rachel Forbes, MA, a PhD candidate at the University of Toronto. “When someone close to us behaves unethically, we face a conflict between upholding our moral values and maintaining our relationship. We …

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Proven: Stress turns hair gray

gray hair

A new study by researchers at the Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons found the first quantitative evidence linking psychological stress to graying hair in people. The findings were published in the journal eLife. While it may seem intuitive that stress can accelerate graying, the researchers were surprised to discover that hair colon can be restored when stress is eliminated, a finding that contrasts with a recent study in mice that suggested that stressed-induced gray hairs are permanent. The study has broader significance than confirming age-old speculation about the effects of stress on hair color, said the study’s senior author Martin Picard, PhD, associate professor of behavioural medicine (in psychiatry and neurology) at Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons. “Understanding the mechanisms that allow ‘old’ gray hairs to return to their ‘young’ pigmented states could yield …

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Mothers’ depression will affect the relationship with their babies

mothers depression

A new study has found that women with depression during pregnancy, or with a history of depression, have a reduced quality of mother-infant relationship. The findings of the study were published in the journal ‘BJPsych Open’. The study was funded by National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Maudsley Biomedical Research Centre (BRC). In the study, researchers examined whether depression, either before or during pregnancy, affects the mother-infant relationship.Researchers looked at the quality of mother-infant interactions eight weeks and 12 months after birth in three groups of women; healthy women, women with clinically significant depression in pregnancy, and women with a lifetime history of depression but healthy pregnancies. The study used a sample of 131 women: 51 healthy mothers with no current or past depression, 52 mothers with depression referred to the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust Perinatal Psychiatry …

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Ballies who zol: Parents who smoke it up determine teens usage of dagga

cannabis_leaf

Teens dagga use: During a recent study, a team of UBC Okanagan researchers found that kids who grow up in homes where parents consume dagga will more than likely use it themselves. The study was published in the journal Addictive Behaviors. Parental influence on the use of dagga is important to study as it can help with the development of effective prevention programs, explains Maya Pilin, a doctoral psychology student in the Irving K. Barber Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. “Adolescence is a critical period in which drug and alcohol experimentation takes place and when cannabis (dagga) use is often initiated,” said Pilin. “Parents are perhaps the most influential socializing agent for children and early adolescents.” Pilin said it has long been assumed that parental use of dagga contributes to higher levels of adolescent use. However, while there has …

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Pets with benefits: petting dogs is a stress-buster and improves thinking

Pet your stress away! For college students under pressure, spending time petting a therapy dog can work as the best stress-buster.The study was published in AERA Open, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Educational Research Association. According to the new Washington State University research, programs exclusively focused on petting therapy dogs improved stressed-out students’ thinking and planning skills more effectively than programs that included traditional stress-management information. The study demonstrated that stressed students still exhibited these cognitive skills improvements up to six weeks after completion of the four-week-long program. “It’s a really powerful finding,” said Patricia Pendry, associate professor in WSU’s Department of Human Development. “Universities are doing a lot of great work trying to help students succeed academically, especially those who may be at risk due to a history of mental health issues or academic and learning issues. This …

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Results of Porn study are in: its readily available and in the hands of the youth

porn study

Nearly four-fifths of 16 and 17-year-olds have encountered pornographic content on the Internet, which is a multibillion-dollar business, porn research shows. Pornographic content is virtually ubiquitous on the Internet, and surveys suggest that 25 per cent of all searches lead to explicit content. Given the size of the market, it’s not surprising that young people are drawn to such sites, which are only a couple of clicks away. The study was published in the journal Policy and Internet. Professor Neil Thurman of the Department of Media and Communication (IfKW) at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich, in collaboration with statistician Fabian Obster (Universitat der Bundeswehr Munchen), has carried out a study on the use of pornographic sites by young people. Based on a survey involving a sample of 1000 British adolescents, the survey also provides pointers for regulators and legislators in Germany. …

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Juicy skinder: gossip creates connections with friends and the world πŸ‘„πŸ¦»πŸ½πŸ‘€

friends

Gossip is often considered socially taboo and dismissed for its negative tone, but a quirky study from Dartmouth College illustrates some of its merits. Gossip facilitates social connection and enables learning about the world indirectly through other people’s experiences. Gossip is not necessarily spreading rumours or saying bad things about other people but can include small talk in-person or online, such as having a private chat during a Zoom meeting. Prior research has found that approximately 14 per cent of people’s daily conversations are gossip, and primarily neutral in tone. “A gossip is a complex form of communication that is often misunderstood,” says Eshin Jolly, a post-doctoral researcher in the Computational Social Affective Neuroscience Laboratory (COSAN) who co-authored the study with Luke Chang, an assistant professor of psychological and brain sciences and director of the COSAN Lab at Dartmouth. “It …

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Pizza Pressure? it’s our co-workers who determine our food tastes πŸ•πŸ”β˜ΉοΈ

office co-worker stock

The findings of a new large study on hospital employees suggest that people in our social networks influence the food we eat, both healthy and unhealthy. These findings may help guide efforts to improve population health. Co-workers have much unrecognised influence in determining office food tastes. The findings of the research were published in the journal titled ‘Nature Human Behaviour’. The foods people buy at a workplace cafeteria may not always be chosen to satisfy an individual craving or taste for a particular food. When co-workers are eating together, individuals are more likely to select foods that are as healthy–or unhealthy–as the food selections on their fellow employees’ trays. “We found that individuals tend to mirror the food choices of others in their social circles, which may explain one-way obesity spreads through social networks,” said Douglas Levy, PhD, an investigator …

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Make everyone happy – start school at a later time πŸ™

sleep child

A new study explored the significant benefits of later school start times for middle and high school students’ sleep schedules. The findings of the study were published in the journal ‘Sleep’. Sleep is essential to a student’s overall health, social development, and academic achievement, yet lack of sleep is common among children and adolescents. Biological changes to sleep cycles during puberty make falling asleep early difficult for adolescents. This, coupled with early school start times, means that students often end up with insufficient sleep. Approximately 28,000 elementary, middle, and high school students and parents completed surveys annually, before changes to school start times and for two years afterward. Participating elementary schools started 60 minutes earlier, middle, 40-60 minutes later, and high school started 70 minutes later. Student and parent surveys separately asked about students’ typical bedtime and wake time on …

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